Serbian is spoken by around 12 million people in total and is the official language of Serbia, where it is the native tongue of 88 percent of the population. It is also a popular language in several other countries, most notably Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and Macedonia.
It is unique in that it is the only European language that uses two different alphabets. It can be written in both the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet and also the Serbian Latin alphabet.
Two dialects of Serbian dominate the language, Torlakian, which is common in southeastern Serbia, and Shtokavian, which can be heard elsewhere in the country.