While Lithuanian is one of the least common languages in Europe, it is spoken by around three million people. It is actually one of the oldest languages in the world and has an exciting history.
The language can be dated back to 1547 when the first Lithuanian book was printed, the Catechism written by Martynas Mažvydas. The book is still studied today by Lithuanian school children.
Lithuanian is closely related to Latvian and has two main dialects. The Aukštaitian dialect is usually heard in the central, southern, and eastern parts of the country. In contrast, the Samogitian dialect is used extensively in western areas.