Latvian is the official language of Latvia. There are around 1.5 million native speakers of the language, the vast majority of whom live in the country.
The language can be dated back to the 16th century when a reproduction of the Lord's Prayer was written in Latvian. The standard Latvian alphabet is made up of 33 letters.
The Latvian language has three main dialects. The two most popular are Middle Latvian, spoken in central and southwestern parts of the country, and High Latvian, mainly heard in Eastern Latvia. The third dialect, the Livonian dialect, has declined in recent history.