Korean is one of the top 20 most widely spoken languages in the world. It has over 70 million native speakers divided between South Korea and North Korea. It is also has a strong global presence with millions of speakers in other countries such as Japan, China, and the United States. It is actually the official language of both South and North Korea with very minor differences.
Its relationship with other languages is minimal, with the most popular suggestion being Japanese. The Korean alphabet is known as Hangul. It uses symbols for sounds, and these symbols are put together to spell words. Transcriptions in other languages write the words as they sound.