Panama is a Central American country that lies east of Costa Rica, south of the Caribbean Sea, north of the Pacific Ocean, and northwest of Colombia. It's bisected by the famous Panama Canal, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Panama is a multiparty republic with the National Assembly as the legislative house. As of 2020, the estimated population was 4,368,000, while the population density is 55.3 persons per square km. Panama City is the capital, and the balboa is the currency. Panama was Spain's first Pacific colony, and Spanish is the official language. Today, the country's music, arts, cuisine, and literature show various cultural influences.