Occupying an area of 130,373 square km, Nicaragua is the largest republic in Central America. The capital, Managua, is the largest city in Nicaragua and also one of the region's largest. About a sixth of the population (seven million in 2020) live in Managua. Spanish is the official language, while the monetary unit is the córdoba.
The name "Nicaragua" comes from an indigenous tribal chief called Nicarao from the 15th to 16th centuries. A civil war in the 1980s resulted in long-lasting economic and political repercussions, from which the country is still recovering. Though Nicaragua is abundant in natural resources and has Central America's most considerable geothermal potential, its economy relies on foreign aid.