Kazakh is the official language of the ninth-largest country in the world, Kazakhstan. Although having such a low population density, this means Kazakh is only spoken by around 13 million people, which is just over 60% of the nation's population. Russian is also widely spoken in Kazakhstan. There is also a sizeable Kazakh-speaking population in China, where two million ethnic Kazakhs reside.
Currently, the written version of Kazakh uses the Cyrillic alphabet; however, it was announced in 2015 that this will be replaced by the Latin alphabet by 2025. The language has three dialects: Northeastern Kazakh, which is the most popular, and Southern Kazakh and Western Kazakh.