The Dominican Republic is a country that occupies approximately 48 square km of western Hispaniola, a Greater Antilles island in the Caribbean Sea. The capital, Santo Domingo, sits on the southern coast. As of 2020, the country had an estimated population of nearly 10.5 million, with most of them living in urban locations.
Most have mixed European and African ethnicity; the population also includes small White and Black minorities. The government is a representative democracy. Spanish is the official language and the Dominican peso is the currency. The economy hinges mostly on services such as finance and tourism, and on manufacturing, trade, construction, and telecommunications.